Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.swu.ac.th/jspui/handle/123456789/13784
Title: Association of obesity with the prevalence of hypertension in school chil-dren from central Thailand
Authors: Rerksuppaphol S.
Rerksuppaphol L.
Keywords: abdominal obesity
adolescent
age distribution
anthropometry
Article
body mass
calculation
cardiovascular risk
child
controlled study
disease association
female
human
hypertension
major clinical study
male
nutritional status
preschool child
prevalence
school child
sex difference
student
Thailand
underweight
world health organization
body mass
body weight
complication
cross-sectional study
hypertension
obesity
odds ratio
risk factor
school
Body Mass Index
Body Weight
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Hypertension
Male
Nutritional Status
Obesity
Odds Ratio
Overweight
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Schools
Thailand
Thinness
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Background: Obesity and underweight are both a public health concern worldwide. Being overweight and obesity are primary risk factors for the development of chronic conditions includ-ing hypertension. Data on obesity and the underweight as well as their association with hyper-tension in Thai children, specifically, are scant. This study was aimed to assess the relationship between obesity or underweight status and hypertension in Thai school children. Methods: Anthropometric data were collected from 3991 students (mean age of 9.5 yr) in Ongkharak district, central Thailand. The sex as well as the age-specific BMI criteria of the WHO were used to define what is overweight, obesity, underweight and severe underweight status of children. In order to calculate the odds ratio and the association between one's nutritional status and hypertension logistic regression was used. Results: Obese and overweight children have a higher prevalence of hypertension compared with children with an average weight (49.5% and 26.5% versus 16.2%, respectively). The risks of developing hypertension are also higher in obese children (OR 5.15; 95%CI: 4.27, 6.22), over-weight children (1.87; 95% CI: 1.50, 2.32) and overweight/obese children (OR 3.30; 95% CI: 2.82, 3.86. Additionally, underweight children were not associated with an increased risk of hy-pertension (OR 1.04; 95% CI: 0.72, 1.42). Conclusions: Rates of hypertension in overweight and obese children are high in central Thai-land and, as a result, this increased body weight is a risk factor for hypertension. Larger, multi-centric studies are required to evaluate the correlation between hypertension and obesity amongst children at the national level. © 2015 Health Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84924870500&partnerID=40&md5=61f9f60aa1695cad0302705375f30017
http://ir.swu.ac.th/jspui/handle/123456789/13784
ISSN: 16822765
Appears in Collections:SCOPUS 1983-2021

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