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Title: Characterization of endotoxin free protein production of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) for the study of Parkinson model in SH-SY5Y differentiated cells
Authors: Saisawang C.
Priewkhiew S.
Wongsantichon J.
Reamtong O.
Nopparat C.
Mukda S.
Ketterman A.J.
Govitrapong P.
Keywords: BDNF
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor
Cell differentiation
E.coli endotoxin-free cells
Recombinant protein
SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Academic Press Inc.
Abstract: Human neuronal cells are a more appropriate cell model for neurological disease studies such as Alzheimer and Parkinson's disease. SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells have been widely used for differentiation into a mature neuronal cell phenotype. The cellular differentiation process begins with retinoic acid incubation, followed by incubation with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a recombinant protein produced in E. coli cells. Endotoxin or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the major component of the outer membrane of bacterial cells that triggers the activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and ultimately cell death. Consequently, any endotoxin contamination of the recombinant BDNF used for cell culture experiments would impact on data interpretation. Therefore, in this study, we expressed the BDNF recombinant protein in bacterial endotoxin-free cells that were engineered to modify the oligosaccharide chain of LPS rendering the LPS unable to trigger the immune response of human cells. The expression of DCX and MAP-2 in differentiated cells indicate that in-house and commercial BDNF are equally effective in inducing differentiation. This suggests that our in-house BDNF protein can be used to differentiate SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells without the need for an endotoxin removal step. © 2022 Elsevier Inc.
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2023

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