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|Title:||Development of clock genes expression in rat hippocampus|
transcription factor ARNTL
real time polymerase chain reaction
gene expression regulation
Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
|Abstract:||Background: The circadian rhythms in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), a central clock, are generated by autoregulatory network composed of clock genes that encode transcriptional factors. There is a gradual development of clock gene expression in the SCN during ontogenesis. Moreover, clock genes are expressed in the adult hippocampus with circadian fashion. Objective: It is of interest to examine daily profiles of the clock gene mRNA and protein expressions in rat hippocampus during development. Material and Method: Daily profiles of three clock genes (Per1, Per2, and Bmal1) mRNA, and their protein expressions were analyzed in the rat hippocampus of pups at postnatal (P) day 4 and 8 (P4 and P8), pre-weaning stage (P16), early pubertal stage (P32), and adult (P60) by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Results: The entire studied clock gene mRNAs and proteins did not exhibit circadian rhythm in early postnatal P4-P16. Rhythmic expression of Per1 and Per2 mRNA started at P32, whereas Bmal1 began at adult. However, their proteins showed circadian expression together at adult. Conclusion: The present study suggests that rat hippocampal molecular clock works gradually develop after birth and slower than that in the central clock SCN. It was possible that ontogenetic development of clock gene in hippocampus was waiting for central clock synchronization. © 2015, Medical Association of Thailand. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 1983-2021|
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