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Title: Thai dental practitioners' knowledge and attitudes regarding patients with HIV
Authors: Rungsiyanont S.
Lam-Ubol A.
Vacharotayangul P.
Sappayatosok K.
Keywords: article
attitude to health
cross-sectional study
dental assistant
dental procedure
dental students
disease transmission
Human immunodeficiency virus infection
nonparametric test
patient abandonment
psychological aspect
dental assistants
dental hygienists
dental students
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dental Auxiliaries
Dental Care for Chronically Ill
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
HIV Infections
Refusal to Treat
Statistics, Nonparametric
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: To investigate the knowledge and attitudes of Thai dental practitioners regarding patients with HIV, a cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaires was conducted. The questionnaires requested demographic information and included questions evaluating the knowledge and attitude of dental practitioners towards HIV. The results were analyzed using Scheffe method for multiple comparisons at the 95 percent confidence level. Out of 1,200 questionnaires sent, 446 questionnaires were returned (response rate 37.2 percent). The subjects included final (sixth)-year dental students (11.9 percent), general dentists (29.1 percent), specialist dentists (15.5 percent), dental hygienists (30.5 percent), and dental assistants (13 percent). More than 80 percent of the dental practitioners correctly answered the questions testing their basic knowledge of HIV such as routes of transmission and common opportunistic infections. However, knowledge about HIV pathogenesis, complications, and advances in HIV management was lacking. Dental hygienists and dental assistants had statistically significant lower scores in knowledge about HIV than other groups. Sixty-seven percent of dental practitioners said they feel worried when treating patients with HIV, and 20.4 percent said they would deny treatment for patients with HIV if possible. While knowledge about HIV may be adequate among dental practitioners in Thailand, greater effort should be put into emphasizing positive attitudes towards patients with HIV.
ISSN: 220337
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1983-2021

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