Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.swu.ac.th/jspui/handle/123456789/14053
Title: Nasal carriage and antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus among medical students at the HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center, Thailand: A cross sectional study
Authors: Treesirichod A.
Hantagool S.
Prommalikit O.
Keywords: cefoxitin
chloramphenicol
ciprofloxacin
clindamycin
cotrimoxazole
erythromycin
fosfomycin
fusidic acid
gentamicin
linezolid
tetracycline
adult
antibiotic sensitivity
article
cross-sectional study
disk diffusion
female
human
male
medical student
normal human
nose smear
priority journal
Staphylococcus aureus
Thailand
Adult
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Carrier State
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Drug Resistance, Bacterial
Female
Hospitals, University
Humans
Male
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Nasal Cavity
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Staphylococcal Infections
Staphylococcus aureus
Students, Medical
Thailand
Young Adult
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Objective: To determine the epidemiology of the nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and its susceptibility pattern among preclinical medical students at the HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center, Srinakharinwirot University. Methods: Nasal swabs were taken from 128 preclinical medical students prior to working at the hospital. Susceptibility testing of S. aureus was performed using Kirby Bauer's disc diffusion method. Results: Of the 128 participants, 38/128 (29.7%; 95% confidence interval [CI]. =. 21.8%, 37.6%) were carriers of S. aureus. No methicillin-resistant S. aureus was detected by the cefoxitin disk diffusion test. Resistance of S. aureus to erythromycin, clindamycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol and fusidic acid was observed at the following rates: 63.2% (95% CI; 47.8%, 78.5%), 63.2% (95% CI; 47.8%, 78.5%), 34.2% (95% CI; 19.1%, 49.3%), 2.6% (95% CI; -2.5%, 7.7%) and 2.6% (95% CI; -2.5%, 7.7%), respectively. There was no statistically significant correlation between nasal carriage of S. aureus and possible risk factors. Conclusions: The prevalence of asymptomatic nasal carriage of S. aureus was higher than reported by previous literature in Thailand, and S. aureus isolates exhibited relatively high resistance to erythromycin and clindamycin. © 2013 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84877649072&doi=10.1016%2fj.jiph.2012.12.004&partnerID=40&md5=12fb827fec09cda7de2ae33986ce59b0
http://ir.swu.ac.th/jspui/handle/123456789/14053
ISSN: 18760341
Appears in Collections:SCOPUS 1983-2021

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