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Title: Survival analysis and associated factors in thai patients on peritoneal dialysis under the PD-First policy
Authors: Changsirikulchai S.
Sriprach S.
Thokanit N.S.
Janma J.
Chuengsaman P.
Sirivongs D.
Keywords: creatinine
chronic kidney failure
controlled study
diabetes mellitus
end stage renal disease
health care policy
health insurance
hemodialysis patient
kidney transplantation
major clinical study
middle aged
outcome assessment
overall survival
patient survival
peritoneal dialysis
priority journal
survival analysis
survival rate
technique survival
Thai (citizen)
chronic kidney failure
survival analysis
treatment outcome
Health Policy
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Middle Aged
Peritoneal Dialysis
Survival Analysis
Treatment Outcome
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: ♦ Background: The peritoneal dialysis First (PD-First) policy means that PD is the first modality of dialysis chosen for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), as put forth by the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) scheme. It was initiated in Thailand in 2008. Our aim is to analyze patient survival, technique survival, and associated factors. ♦ Methods: Data of PD patients from January 2008 to November 2016 were studied. We calculated patient and technique survival rates (censored for death and kidney transplantation). Factors associated with survival were analyzed by the Cox proportional hazard model. Patient and technique survival rates between 2008 – 2012 and 2013 – 2016 were compared. ♦ Results: Our study included 11,477 patients. The mean (standard deviation [SD]) age at initiation of PD was 54.0 (14.4) years. The level of education in 85.2% of cases was illiterate or primary school. A total of 60.9% of patients developed ESRD secondary to diabetes. The 1-to 5-year patient survival rates were 82.6, 71.8, 64.0, 58.5, and 54.0%, respectively. The first-year technique survival rate was 94.8%. The patient and technique survival rates during 2013 – 2016 were better than those seen during 2008 – 2012. Factors associated with lower patient survival rates were: female gender, increased age at start of PD, coverage with civil servant medical benefit scheme, low educational levels, and a history of diabetes. ♦ Conclusion: Most patients had diabetes and low educational levels as seen in the outcomes in the previous literature. These factors impacted the survival of patients under the PD-First policy. © 2018 International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis.
ISSN: 8968608
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1983-2021

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